Nutrition (Pitanije) and nurture (vospitanije) in the light of the Slavic lexicon.

2016. №2, 22-36

Svetlana M. Tolstaya
Institute of Slavic Studies, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, 119991, Russian Federation;


The paper considers the semantic structure of several Slavic lexical-etymological clusters, which include meanings relating to nutrition, food, feeding, and meanings of the field of nurture and education at the same time (*pitati, *kъrmiti, *xovati godovati, *gojiti, *xorniti, *pasti, *bergti, *stergti). The notion of education, metaphorically and metonymically derived from the concept of feeding, can develop both on the basis of the motive of child nutrition (*pitati, *kъrmiti) and on the basis of the motive of feeding or breeding domestic animals (*xovati, *godovati, *pasti). It may also be based on the semantics of protection, care, life-sustaining, which is inherent primarily for clusters *bergti, *stergti, *pasti, *xorniti, *xovati and secondarily to other lexical units.