Valery L. Vasilyev
Yaroslav-the-Wise Novgorod State University, Veliky Novgorod, 173003, Russian Federation; email@example.com
The article addresses the problem of Medieval Novgorod colonization of the Russian North and North- East and examines it in light of historical, archaeological, and dialectal data. Many Northern Russian lexical units are interpreted as elements of Old Novgorod origin by their distinctive characteristics; their etymology and dialectal history is analyzed. Priority is given to facts with an additional Old Novgorod specificity, which are therefore more revealing and reliable. Among them are such geographical terms as shelónik, rel’, relka, khib, khı́bina, khı́ben’, limenets, vódos’, sholón’, kámnik, phraseological unit provalit’sya kak v kamskii mokh, toponyms Khibiny, Nal’ostrov, Obradovo, Nekshino, Volma (Volmenskoe), Kholunitsa, Kholunaya, Nokrat (Nukhrat), Vyatka, Volkhov, Solpa, Solopovka, Vishera, Visherka, Pes’yanka, Polyudovo, Polyudyata, etc. Conclusions are drawn on the ways and the time of penetration of the listed lexical, phraseological, and toponymic units far to the North and East.